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Most blocks are executed by front-row players.
Chung Sung-Jun/Getty Images Sport/Getty Images
Most competitive sports have rules and regulations in place to ensure an even playing field and fair competition -- volleyball is no different. No matter what rules you play by, international, USA or NCAA collegiate, the rules govern everything from the size of the court to scoring to equipment specifications. Among the extensive rules are important regulations every front-row player should know.
Front Row Location
Front-row players primarily play in the attack zone, between the center line and the attack line. Given this, the role of a front-row player is primarily to set, attack or block the ball. A volleyball court measures 59 feet long and 29 1/2 feet wide with a center line dividing the court in half. The attack line is located 9 feet, 10 inches back from the center line.
The rules state that front-row players as well as backcourt players must position themselves according to the serving order. At the moment the server serves the ball, front-row players must be in position, laterally. Each front-row player must have part of his foot closer to the center line than the feet of the corresponding back-row player. Each of the left and right front-row players must have part of his foot closer to their sideline than the feet of the center front-row player. If players are not in the correct position at the time of the serve, this is considered a positional fault, and the team committing the fault is sanctioned with a point. The serve then goes to the opposing team. Once the ball has been served and the point is started, front-row and back-row players are allowed to move around to any part of the court.
Attacking and Blocking
When a front-row player hits an attacking shot, her hand is allowed to follow through across the net without being considered a fault, but only if contact was made in her playing space and there was no contact with the net or the opponent. When blocking the ball, front-row players can reach across the net as long there is no interference with the opponent's play. To be a legal block, the opponent must have hit an attacking shot first -- front-row players cannot contact the ball at the same time the opponent hits an attacking shot. Front-row players are not allowed to block the opponent's serve.
It is a fault if a front-row player contacts and interferes with an opponent's play on the ball. His hand or foot is allowed to cross the center line into their opponent's court as long as it doesn't interfere with play and some part of his hand or foot is in contact with or is directly above the center line. Touching the net by a front-row player is not necessarily a fault unless it interferes with play or touching the net was made while playing the ball.
- Chung Sung-Jun/Getty Images Sport/Getty Images